Since inception in 1944, the World Bank has expanded from a single institution to a closely associated group of five development institutions. World Bank mission evolved from the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) as facilitator of post-war reconstruction and development to the present-day mandate of worldwide poverty alleviation in close coordination with World Bank affiliate, the International Development Association, and other members of the World Bank Group, the International Finance Corporation (IFC), the Multilateral Guarantee Agency (MIGA), and the International Centre for the Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID).
Once, World Bank had a homogeneous staff of engineers and financial analysts, based solely in Washington, D.C. Today, World Bank have a multidisciplinary and diverse staff that includes economists, public policy experts, sector experts and social scientists—and now more than a third of our staff is based in country offices.
Reconstruction remains an important part of World Bank work. However, at today's World Bank, poverty reduction through an inclusive and sustainable globalization remains the overarching goal of their work.
USDA provide leadership on food, agriculture, natural resources, and related issues based on sound public policy, the best available science, and efficient management. USDA want to be recognized as a dynamic organization that is able to efficiently provide the integrated program delivery needed to lead a rapidly evolving food and agriculture system.
USDA has created a strategic plan to implement its vision. The framework of this plan depends on these key activities: expanding markets for agricultural products and support international economic development, further developing alternative markets for agricultural products and activities, providing financing needed to help expand job opportunities and improve housing, utilities and infrastructure in rural America, enhancing food safety by taking steps to reduce the prevalence of foodborne hazards from farm to table, improving nutrition and health by providing food assistance and nutrition education and promotion, and managing and protecting America's public and private lands working cooperatively with other levels of government and the private sector.
The U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) was born out of a spirit of progress, innovation and a reflection of American’s values, character and a fundamental belief in doing the right thing.
When crisis strikes; when rights are repressed; when hunger, disease and poverty rob people of opportunity; USAID act on behalf of the American people to help expand the reach of prosperity and dignity to the world's most vulnerable.
When the Department for International Development (DFID) was set up in 1997, it made fighting world poverty its top priority. This marked a turning point for Britain’s aid programme, which until then had mainly involved economic development.
In its manifesto the government elected in May 1997 pledged to create a new department for international development headed by a cabinet minister. Previously the aid programme was managed by the Overseas Development Administration (ODA), a wing of the Foreign and Commonwealth Office.
Among its key objectives, DFID set out to make global development a national priority and promote it to audiences in the UK and overseas, while fostering a new ‘aid relationship’ with governments of developing countries.
International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), a specialized agency of the United Nations, was established as an international financial institution in 1977 as one of the major outcomes of the 1974 World Food Conference. The Conference was organized in response to the food crises of the early 1970s that primarily affected the Sahelian countries of Africa. The conference resolved that "an International Fund for Agricultural Development should be established immediately to finance agricultural development projects primarily for food production in the developing countries". One of the most important insights emerging from the conference was that the causes of food insecurity and famine were not so much failures in food production, but structural problems relating to poverty and to the fact that the majority of the developing world's poor populations were concentrated in rural areas.
IFAD is dedicated to eradicating rural poverty in developing countries. Seventy-five per cent of the world's poorest people - 1.4 billion women, children and men - live in rural areas and depend on agriculture and related activities for their livelihoods.
UNDP has been present in Afghanistan for over 50 years and continued to operate from Islamabad during the Taliban régime. UNDP supports the people of Afghanistan as they face new challenges and move their country from recovery to development towards the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals by 2020.
UNDP works with the Government to develop local capacity and provide Afghan solutions for Afghanistan. UNDP Afghanistan programmes partner with Afghan institutions to focus on crisis prevention and recovery; democratic governance, and poverty reduction and sustainable livelihoods, in line with the goals laid down by the Government in the Afghanistan National Development Strategy (ANDS).
UNDP support to the Government's peace and recovery efforts have helped improve the Afghan National Police (ANP), in terms of both their professional competence and capacity, and this in turn has resulted in peoples' increased trust and confidence in the police to provide peace and security.
Since its founding in 1966, ADB has been driven by an inspiration and dedication to improving people’s lives in Asia and the Pacific. By targeting our investments wisely, in partnership with our developing member countries and other stakeholders, we can alleviate poverty and help create a world in which everyone can share in the benefits of sustained and inclusive growth.
Whether it be through investment in infrastructure, health care services, financial and public administration systems, or helping nations prepare for the impact of climate change or better manage their natural resources, ADB is committed to helping developing member countries evolve into thriving, modern economies that are well integrated with each other and the world.
The main devices for assistance are loans, grants, policy dialogue, technical assistance and equity investments.
We are at the forefront of development thinking and practice, spreading information through regional forums, a growing online presence and the publication of specialized papers, serials and books.
The Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH has supported Afghanistan’s reconstruction since 2002. GIZ work is mainly commissioned by the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) and other German ministries such as the Federal Foreign Office (AA) and the Federal Ministry of Defence (BMVg). GIZ also work for a number of international donors, including the World Bank and the Government of the Netherlands.
GIZ opened their office in Kabul in 2002. In total, GIZ has around 320 seconded and more than 1,500 local staff working on around 60 projects in Afghanistan – more than in any other country. In addition, experts from Germany’s Centre for International Migration and Development (CIM) are deployed in key positions in Afghan ministries, government institutions and other organisations. Development workers and peace experts are also sent to Afghanistan. GIZ activities focus on improving living conditions, especially for the rural population.
Marking its launch as a renewed organization, New JICA has announced an all-new Vision. Together with this Vision it has defined four Missions, to be achieved through four main Strategies. It has also declared a set of Guiding Principles meant to help advance its Strategies.
"Inclusive development" represents an approach to development that encourages all people to recognize the development issues they themselves face, participate in addressing them, and enjoy the fruits of such endeavors. The role of New JICA is to effectively provide backing for this process.
"Dynamic development" refers to the creation of self-reinforcing virtuous cycles of mid- to long-term economic growth and poverty reduction in a constantly changing environment of developing countries where a variety of issues arise simultaneously and get entangled each other. New JICA will provide creative, highly effective support toward this end, at times moving swiftly and at times acting from the longer-term perspective as the situation calls for.
The European Commission is the EU's executive body and represents the interests of Europe as a whole (as opposed to the interests of individual countries).
The term 'Commission' refers to both the college of commissioners and the institution itself – which has its headquarters in Brussels, Belgium with offices in Luxembourg. The Commission also has offices known as 'representations' in all EU member countries.
WFP is the food aid arm of the United Nations system. Food aid is one of the many instruments that can help to promote food security, which is defined as access of all people at all times to the food needed for an active and healthy life. The policies governing the use of World Food Programme food aid must be oriented towards the objective of eradicating hunger and poverty. The ultimate objective of food aid should be the elimination of the need for food aid.
Targeted interventions are needed to help to improve the lives of the poorest people - people who, either permanently or during crisis periods, are unable to produce enough food or do not have the resources to otherwise obtain the food that they and their households require for active and healthy lives.
UNICEF is the driving force that helps build a world where the rights of every child are realized. UNICEF have the global authority to influence decision-makers, and the variety of partners at grassroots level to turn the most innovative ideas into reality. That makes UNICEF unique among world organizations, and unique among those working with the young.
UNICEF believes that nurturing and caring for children are the cornerstones of human progress. UNICEF was created with this purpose in mind – to work with others to overcome the obstacles that poverty, violence, disease and discrimination place in a child’s path. They believe that they can, together, advance the cause of humanity.
UNICEF advocate for measures to give children the best start in life, because proper care at the youngest age forms the strongest foundation for a person’s future.
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