Afghanistan Agricultural Inputs Project aims to build the institutional capacity in the Ministry of Agriculture, Irrigation and Livestock (MAIL) required for carrying out their public mandate in the agricultural inputs sector. First, the project will improve the technical and economic efficiency of the value chain of certified wheat seed. Second, building on the legal and regulatory framework that the project helped building during the preparation phase, the project will develop the necessary accredited facilities for plant quarantine networks and quality control of agro-chemicals. Third, guided by the results of field surveys carried out during the preparation phase, the project will design and pilot test a demand-led action plan to improve and develop market based input delivery systems for seeds and agro-chemicals – this will also include ICT applications in agricultural extension and agro-chemicals quality control. The sustainability of these interventions will be supported by capacity building programs involving civil servants, farmers and traders.
Component A. Improved Wheat Seed Production. Establishment of a commercially viable and technically efficient seed production and certification system to improve the currently unsustainable production system of certified wheat seed.
Subcomponent A1 -Varietal Selection and Production of Breeder Seed. Improve the efficiency of varietal selection and production of breeder seed in the Agricultural Research Institute of Afghanistan (ARIA). The project would provide land development at ARIA farms, farm buildings, farm and office equipment and training and technical assistance. Subcomponent A2. Production of Foundation and Registered Seed. Improve the efficiency of multiplication of breeder seed into foundation and registered seed at the Improved Seed Enterprise (ISE). The project would support land development on ISE farms, provide farm and office equipment for ISE operations, as well as training and technical assistance. Subcomponent A3. Coordination of Seed Sector. Support to the National Seed Board (NSB) to coordinate the seed industry; and support to the Afghanistan National Seed Organization (ANSOR) for operating costs and enhancing its facilitating and coordinating role of the private seed enterprises (PSEs).
Component B. Plant Quarantine Networks and Quality Control of Agro-chemicals. Improving safety and reliability of agricultural inputs through building and strengthening the institutional capacity and physical infrastructure for quality control of agrochemicals and plant quarantine in order to prevent marketing of banned, hazardous, sub-standard, and unreliable pesticides and fertilizers and lower the risk of introduction and spread of quarantine pests into the country. Subcomponent B1. Quality Control of Agro-chemicals. Establishment of physical infrastructure and capacity to implement the relevant laws including the Pesticides Act including (i) pesticides registration, administration, and quality control office; (ii) laboratories and equipment; (iii) pesticides poisoning management centre; (iv) fertilizer quality control inspection system. Subcomponent B2. Plant Quarantine Network. Support implementation of the Plant Quarantine Act and Regulations through establishment of physical infrastructure and capacity to prevent introduction of exotic quarantine insect pests and diseases, and facilitate export of plant materials by issuing proper quarantine/phytosanitary certificates. Activities include: (i) nation-wide insect pests and diseases survey and pests risk analysis; (ii) establishment of 13 plant quarantine stations and Insect Pests and Diseases Diagnostic facility; (iii) implementation of Pest Management Plan.
Component C. Input Delivery Systems. This component will analyze current agricultural input delivery systems and pilot improvements to improve farmers’ access. Based on analysis of data of two surveys carried out during preparation (farm-level crop production survey and agricultural inputs value chain survey) a plan of action for investment activities in inputs delivery systems will be developed and piloted.
Component D. Project Management and Monitoring. Continuation and expansion of already existing Implementation Management Support Team (IMST) in MAIL tasked with M&E, MIS, Procurement, FM, implementation of ESMF and PMP. Liaising with and facilitating project activities at ARIA, ISE, NSB, PPQD, FQCAID.
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