Agriculture Support for Peace & Reintegration Program (ASPRP)

Project Name: Agriculture Support for Peace and Reintegration Program (ASPRP)

Donor: Afghanistan Peace & Reintegration Program (APRP)

Budget: $19,999,406.

Duration: March 20, 2012 to Marcy 20, 2013.

Project Status: Under Implementation

First Year Target Provinces: (Baghlan, Kunduz, Badghis, Faryab, Hirat and Takhar)

Second Year Target Provinces: (Helmand, Kandahar, Kunar and Samangan)


Target Districts:

First and Second years

  • (Baghlan- Jadid, Dahana-e- Ghuri and Pull-e-Khumri in Baghlan Province)
  • (Ali Abaad, Kuduz Center and Imam Sahib in Kuduz province)
  • (Qadees, Abkamari and Qala-e-Now in Badghis province)
  • (Gurzwan, Pashtoon Kot and Almar in Faryab province)
  • (Injil, Robat Sangi and Obai in Hirat province)
  • and     Khwaj Bahawdeen, Khawja Ghar and Yangi Qala in Takhar province)

Second Phase:

  • (Ghazi Abaad and Wata Pur in Kunar province)
  • (Center and Arghandaab in Kandahar province)
  • (Lashkergah and Nad Ali in Helmand province)
  • (Aibak and Khuram Sarbagh in Samangan province)

Project Background:  The Afghanistan Peace and Reintegration Programme (APRP) was created following the Kabul Conference in July 2010 to provide social reconciliation and economic opportunities for combatants, anti-government elements and political leaders who renounce violence and terrorism, to join a constructive and positive peace process.  APRP is a nationally-own and led program designed to work with national institutions and mainly with the line ministries to implement its planned activities.  The Ministry of Agriculture, Irrigation & Livestock (MAIL) which is a key partner at the national level with activities in all 34 provinces had prepared the project to contribute to reaching the objectives of the APRP.

Project Goal:
The overall goal of the project is to promote peace through the facilitation of reintegration of the ex-combatants and contribution to the recovery of the communities where they live by creating sustainable socio-economic opportunities for reintegrees and the community members in targeted districts and provinces.Specifically, the project goal can be divided in two categories:

  • Stabilization activities: Short-term provision of labor intensive opportunities for Reintegrees and community members 
  • Supporting Long-term Sustainable Economic Growth of the Communities where Reintegrees live


This Goal will be achieved through:

  • Provision of agricultural work opportunities for the reintegrees, unemployed youth, women, and the community members.
  • Improve income of reintegrees and the community where they live by improving agriculture productivity through improving irrigation, reforestation of pistachio, and improved fruit crops production.
  • Develop skills of reintegrees and members of the local community where they live in agriculture, and nut & fruit production.
  • Economic regeneration through market development including chilling centers, processing, grading, packaging and identifying and responding to domestic and international demand for  quality products
  • Improving social institutions at community level such as Irrigation Associations (IA), Community Forest Associations, and Farmer Cooperatives/Fruit Production Associations.

 Project Sustainability:

According to the MAIL policy, sustainability of agricultural improvement projects at village, district and provincial levels is significantly important. To maintain the sustainability of these projects, MAIL intends to strengthen local social institutions such as irrigation associations (IA), Community Forest Associations, Fruit Producer Associations, farmer’s cooperatives, and other stakeholders at district level who will ultimately take the responsibility of maintaining and sustaining the results of the project. Trainings on various aspects of the technology adoption by those entities are essential so that they can understand the importance and other implications of project activities for their future benefits.

The main areas of focus of the project are:

1. Efficient irrigation and watershed management

Irrigation systems and deliverables have been chosen according to district needs. These include the rehabilitation and new reconstruction of irrigation systems .i.e. (canal, intakes, reservoirs, canal lining and check-dams). It will build or restore approximately 20 kilometers of irrigation-works selected districts in project areas. In smaller districts this may comprise all major irrigation and in larger districts it will still cover a substantial amount of watershed capacity and canal needs. Improvement in irrigation system will enhance the different field crops productivity and it will also improve the food and nutritional security at village level. Thus, the production, productivity, profitability and livelihoods of the targeted farming communities in focused areas will increase significantly. This will also improve the overall harmony, peace, and social stability among various groups of local communities at provincial level.

Scene of dehistan canal local structure that is going to be rehabilitated by ASPR.  June- 2012


Scene of Survey of Canal in Injel district of Hirat province. June- 2012


2. Reforestation of Pistachio Forests:

Reforestation of Pistachio forest will begin with the planting of new trees in a new area for forest which will definitely increase pistachio production in the targeted areas.  With the successful reforestation initiative, erosion can be reduced and water will be saved for irrigation. This labor-intensive activity, guided by MAIL’s experts in natural resource management, will assist communities in the selection and prioritization of approximately 50 hectares establishment of new pistachio forest in each targeted district in all selected provinces. Fortunately, the agro-climatic condition of focused provinces such as temperature, humidity, topographic situation, planting environments, local and provincial markets are very favorable for pistachio production. 

The pistachio plantation areas will be established on the Government land either through direct seeding or transplanting in each targeted district depending on the available time, feasibility and local conditions. For the effectiveness and sustainability of the results, the Ministry of Agriculture will lease out these newly established forest areas to the Community Forest Associations (CFA). ASPR has newly formed the forest Associations where such associations were not available.  The association is a legal entity which would be responsible for the protection and management of pistachio forest in their areas.\

  • Intercropping in Pistachio forests

Intercropping in pistachio frosts is beneficial for farming communities. So, the intercropping of (Hing and Zeera) can easily been raised on trenches between spaces of two traces.These two crops having very high commercial values and international market. The cultivation of these two crops will provide additional benefits to the farmers as well as these are multi years plants. Interestingly, with the intercropping of these crops farmers will get the job opportunity round the year and increase in economic benefits.

3. Fruit Production and Processing:

View of Orchard Laid out in Baghlan province. March- 2012

MAIL/DAIL experts and local communities will select the most appropriate and profitable ways in which to expand horticultural production based on a variety of factors including climate, soil, water, existing horticultural production versus new product-potential, etc. Activities will range from restoring and expanding almond orchards, and establishing pomegranate, orange, apple, grape, cherry and apricot orchards on a land   of 20 hectares per selected district in all targeted provinces.

  • Intercropping in Fruit Orchard

The newly developed fruit orchards will come to fruiting stage after 4 to 5 year. Thus the space between plant of two lines under newly planted trees will be available for inter cropping due to limited growth of orchard trees. The suitable winter crops for intercropping are wheat, barley, and legumes, Fodder crop and vegetable etc. While on the other hand during summer months Mungbean, soybean, corn, sorghum, summer vegetable, and melons etc. can be planted without difficulties. The shading effect of orchard perennial trees will not affect the order planted crops for 4-5 years due to limited development of orchard tree. Thus farmer will be able to have the maximum utilization of their orchard land with maximum cropping intensity, high productivity and profitability with intercropping system. Thus the overall economy and livelihood will increase many folds at village level.

4. Construction of Cool Storage & packing house:

To extend the life of horticultural quality products, reduce spoilage and waste, and make the fruit products available round the year, which in turn lower the costs to consumer-families, processors, dealers and exporters alike, Cooling centers will be established in four districts only at the first phase of the project. The Cool Storages has been designed from the type of Zero energy requirement which have already been built in by different organizations in different provinces in this country.  As per assessment conducted by the project concerned specialist, this concept has been found successful and very useful. The farmers to whom cool storage is being built are happy for access to that type of facilities. The facilities are going to be managed by the Farmers’ Cooperative (FC) where it is constructed.

View of Cool Storage/Packing House under construction in Baghlan province. June- 2012


Summary of Overall Project Achievements: (June-2011 to June-2012)

1. Reforestation Establishments:

  • A total of 302 reintegrees engaged as a laborer during the project implementation in all targeted provinces
  • Baseline survey was accomplished by technical provincial team in all six targeted provinces.
  • Community mobilization and project site selection was undertaken in all ASPR targeted districts.
  • Site selection of 600 hectare of land for pistachio forest was completed in 11 targeted districts.
  • Technical training for Pistachio Reforestation was conducted for 6 provincial foresters.
  • A total of 1024 Kg pistachio seed was purchased for nursery planting.
  • Physical implementationprocess of 38 selected forestation establishments sub-projects was completed.
  • During the project life, a total of 385000 Plastic bags were planted with Pistachio Seeds.
  • Following the project physical implementation, a total of 195740.4 M3 of protection trenches were excavated in 11 selected districts in targeted provinces. This will protect and safe the pistachio planted areas from vermin and other livestock
  • A total number of 347430 pits (the place for the pistachio seedling transplanting) were excavated.
  • As a result of the project implementation, a total number of 278638 man days were created which benefited 1297 laborers worked per-days.
  • Mobilization process was launched in newly selected provinces (Samangan and Kunur). During the visiting with provincial authorities, the project goal, objectives and project implementation strategy was explained.

2. Orchard Establishments

  • Identification and selection of 1359 interested farmers for orchard establishment was completed. Based on project strategy, the priority was given to those interested farmers who had minimum (2000M2) irrigated land.
  • The sapling suppliers (6 sub-contractors) were selected through free and transparent bidding.
  • Purchasing of 138978 saplings was undertaken from the sub-contractors to 11 targeted districts.
  • A total of 138978 fruit trees saplings were distributed among 1359 eligible farmers including (1092 community member and 267 reintegrees).
  • Approximately, eleven various fruit crops   which are adapted to the selected areas were planted in all targeted provinces.
  • For improvement and project sustainability, various technical training was considered to 1312 formers including (community members and reintegrees) within the targeted communities.
  • A total amount of 57MT urea fertilization was distributed for targeted beneficiaries.


Cool Storage & Packing House:

  • Cool storage and Packing house were planned for 2 district of Imam Saheb and Kundoz Center of Kundoz province and two districts of Pule Kumri and Dahna-e-Ghori of Baghlan province.
  • Site selection was conducted through concerned stakeholders.
  • Survey, Design and Cost estimation of eight Cool Storages/Packing Houses were completed
  • ToR for Cool Storage/Packing House for construction activities accomplished.
  • Bill of Quantity (BoQ) for cool storage projects have been accomplished.
  • Project site selection for four targeted districts (Kunduz Center & Imam Sahib for Kunduz  province) (Poli-e-Khomry and Dahana-e-Ghory for Baghlan province) was accomplished
  • Project Construction activities have been laid out for free and transparent competition among the interested national construction companies.
  • Construction of 4 cool storage and packing house for Baghlan province have been signed and the construction activity has been started.
  • The agreement was signed for construction of 4 cool storage/packing house for Kunduz province. The physical implementation will soon start.


4. Irrigation System

  • The initial steps of the irrigation system implementation .i.e. (Needs assessment, identification, selection and baseline survey) have been completed.
  • Survey, design and cost estimation of rehabilitation of irrigation system has been completed in all targeted provinces except Obkamari district of Hirat province.
  • According to the program implementation strategy, survey and design of the irrigation sub-projects was sub-contracted with (Samir Ceiam) Construction Company.
  • According to the project needs assessment, a total of 47 irrigation canals were identified and selected for rehabilitation and newly construction.
  • A total of seven watershed projects will be implemented at the area of 156.9 square meters.
  • Construction activity of two approved water pond subprojects was practically commenced which is implemented directly by the ASPR project.
  • A total number of 16828 trenches were excavated that include 54106M3 of trenches in three provinces (Baghlan, Takhar and Kunduz).
  • As a result of watershed project implementation, a total number of 25916 man days were created which benefited 1087 laborers worked per-days.

Implementation expression of interest has been announced of 37 Irrigation canal (6 irrigation system for Takhar, 2 for Baghlan, 7 for Herat, 5 for Badghis, 8 for Kunduz and 9 for Faryab) provinces.