Controlling Transboundry Animal Disease in Central Asian Countries

Controlling Transboundry Animal Disease in Central Asian Countries

Donor: Italy

Budget: $ 330,000

Duration: June 2010 – Dec2012

Location: All over Afghanistan

Status: Ongoing

Objective: The development objective is to increase food security by reducing livestock production losses
caused by infectious disease. The project will contribute to this by enabling national veterinary services to gain a better understanding of disease prevalence and impact in their countries and to plan and implement
appropriate control measures. It will contribute to global rinderpest eradication by providing data on which to
verify regional freedom from the disease. The project will also provide for technical input into contingency planning and emergency preparedness for outbreaks of transboundry animal diseases. Immediate objective
Find degree of TADs (FMD, PPR) prevalence in the country.

Attend outbreak of Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD) and PPR Transboundry animal diseases (TADs) as much
as possible

  • Find economic impact of livestock in household economy
  • Train Vets (GOVT, NGO, Private) on clinical recognition of TADs
  • Give simple training to livestock owners on clinical recognition of TADs and other husbandry information needed by livestock owner
  • Train lab technician on diagnosis of FMD/PPR

Components:
Livestock capacity building on clinical recognition of TADs, SOP lab techniques for diagnosis of FMD/PPR

Progress/ Achievements:

  • Through conducting serosurveillance in 17 provinces, the degree of prevalence of FMD, PPR was found in various productive sectors;
  • FMD virus so far prevalent in Afghanistan is confirmed;
  • 168 samples from FMD outbreaks in the country and 220 mouth swab samples from three provinces
  • Live Animal Market (LAM) were collected. Some tested here and some were sent to World Reference Lab (WRL) for confirmation and characterization of the virus
  • Questionnaire on economic impact of livestock on household economy partly filled. to Be analyzed later
  • In six provinces 57 vets Para vets were trained
  • Farmers training plan for 2011 is to be completed
  • Plan of serosurveillance, lab technicians and veterinarians training for 2011 finalized

Challenges
Lack of Security is a challenge.