Promoting Integrated Pest Management in Afghanistan

Promoting Integrated Pest Management in Afghanistan

Donor: Norway

Budget: $ 7.800,000

Duration: Jan 2010 – Dec 2012

Location: The project has activities in Northern and Central Afghanistan

Status: Ongoing

Objective: The project aims to shift from emergency intervention for plant protection issues in Afghanistan to a longer term approach to pest management in the country, and promoting more sustainable, environmental
friendly ecological practices of crop production. Drawing on the lesson and success of IPM programme in
Southeast and South Asia, the project plans to introduce Farmer Field School (FFS) to the communities to train farmers to learn from the actual situation in an interactive manner on how to develop specific strategies for successful pest control and management of crops. The project has been working in close collaboration with MAIL, specifically with the Plant Protection and Quarantine Department (PPQD) to develop its capacity to be able to develop a foundation for a national IPM program.

Components
Component 1: Operation and management structure

Establishment of an operational structure and functional mechanism for coordination and management of the
project and all IPM activities in the country

Component 2: Capacity building
Development of adequate human resource i.e. Subject Matter Specialists, Master Trainers, Facilitators within
the Ministry of Agriculture, Irrigation and Livestock (MAIL) to run and manage an effective national IPM program.

Component 3: Farmer Field School
Development of a set of methodologies for FFS and customizing the approach to Afghan condition drawing on
lessons and learning from other countries, especially from South and Southeast Asia, and establishment of FFS in the targeted communities to develop their skills and capacity in crop production and pest management.

Component 4: Controlling epidemic insect pests
Development of specific strategies to control the epidemic insect pests that are currently causing substantial
damage to a number of field crops this will be based on careful field investigations and research.


Progress/ Achievements
2010 was a preparatory year for the project. From May 2011, the project plans to conduct the first season-long (four months) Training of Trainers (TOT) Course on IPM in potato and rice for 30-35 extension workers of MAIL.

The implementation of FFS will begin after the training. The project in the newly revised plan expects to conduct 120 FFS in the northern part of Afghanistan, especially in Mazar, Baghlan, Samangan, Badakhshan and Bamyan provinces to train at least 3000 farmers on IPM in potato, wheat and rice. The project has already organized a study tour for 8 senior members of MAIL to the Philippines to observe various activities on IPM and understand how national level IPM program is planned and managed.