The Project for the Development of Wheat Breeding Materials For Sustainable Food Production

The Project for the Development of Wheat Breeding Materials For Sustainable Food Production

Donor: JICA (Japan International Cooperation Agency)

Budget: $ 2,000,000. For 2011 – 2015

Duration: April 2011-March 2016 (5 years)

Location: MAIL Agricultural Research Institute

Status: Approved

Objective: Novel breeding materials for sustainable wheat production in Afghanistan are developed through international collaboration.

Background:
Kihara Institute in Japan, have conserved valuable wheat germplasm, including 500 Afghan wheat local varieties and wild relatives, which Professor Hitoshi Kihara explored and collected from 1950’s to 1970’s in Afghanistan. Eversince, Kihara Institute has been studying this collection for further development and utilization of germplasm.

JICA would like to contribute the reconstruction of the Afghan wheat breeding system and utilize the wheat germplasm conserved in the institute.

This project rather intends to build up the foundation of pre-breeding over a medium term, and expects that Afghan researchers will be able to develop breeding materials and conserve germplasm eventually.

Components
(1) Assessment of Genetic Diversity for Afghan Wheat
(2) Development of Practical Breeding System with Capacity Building of Afghan Researchers
(3) Development of Novel Wheat Experimental Lines
(4) Conservation and Utilization of Afghan Wheat Germplasm