USDA Food for Progress Horticulture Promotion Project

USDA Food for Progress Horticulture Promotion Project

Donor: USDA Task Order Number: OGSM. FCC-306-2008/028-00-A

Budget: $ 3,200,000.

Duration: August 19, 2008 – April 30, 2011

Location: Ghazni, Logar and Wardak Provinces, Afghanistan

Status: On going

Objective:
The purpose of this project is to increase the agriculture-based incomes of smallholder farmers of Ghazni, Logar and Wardak Provinces, Afghanistan. The approach is to demonstrate improved fruit production and marketing techniques that have a higher revenue potential than traditional crops such as wheat.

Components
The project is:

  • Assisting farmers in establishing commercial fruit orchards on land traditionally being used for lower value crops
  • Assisting grape producers in installing trellising in traditional grape vineyards that do not employtrellising
  • Assisting producers and merchants to adopt more profitable marketing techniques, including appropriate processing and packaging
  • Providing training to farmers in business management and credit access

Progress/ Achievements

  Designation Status Details
1   Orchards & nurseries set up On going
3,951
orchards
established

In all districts of the 3 provinces the lay-out work was done by extensionist and in 2009. In Nirkh (Wardak) and Khojah Omari (Ghazni) Districts the
set up has been outsourced to a local nurseries because of security reasons.

In Wardak: total 1,721 orchards established

Sayed Abad district : 729 orchards established

Chack district : 432 orchards established

Nirkh district: reports show 479 orchards
established

Jaghatu district: 146 orchards established

In Ghazni: total 1,130 orchards established

District of Ghazni Centre District (Markazi): 17 orchards established

Khojah Omari district: records of 505 orchards

Jaghoori district: 328 orchards established

Khawgani district: 29 orchards established

Qarabagh district: 7 orchards established

Jaghatoo Ghazni: 63 orchards established

Zanaqan District: 7 orchards established

Ander district: 3 orchards established

Deh Yak District: 11 orchards established

In Logar: Total 1,100 orchards established

District of Charkh: 271 orchards established

Mohd Agha District: 296 orchards established

Baraqi Barak District: 377 orchards established

Markaz district: 156 orchards established

2   Delivery & plantation of fruit tree
  saplings / establishment of new
  orchards
Ongoing:
Records of
575,982
saplings
delivered
i.e. 1,170.54
ha planted
to date

The fruit tree saplings are purchased from local Afghan nurseries. Up to now records of delivery show:

In Wardak: total 331,627 saplings distributed & planted (636.18 ha)

Sayed Abad District: 139,519 saplings delivered & planted (280.84 ha)

Chack district: 125,626 saplings delivered & planted (256.92 ha)

Nirkh District: results show 79,660 saplings delivered & planted (126.27 ha)

Jaghatu districts 18,183 saplings delivered & planted (38.21 ha)

In Ghazni: total 145,460 saplings distributed & planted ( 294.05 ha )

Ghazni Centre (Markazi): 34,725 saplings delivered & planted (63.20 ha)

Khojah Omari district: 68,601 saplings delivered & planted (140.74 ha )

Jaghoori district: 28,040 saplings delivered & planted (61.71 ha)

Khawgani district: 4,148 saplings delivered & planted ( 8.71 ha)

Jaghatu Ghazni: 6,106 saplings delivered & planted (12.15 Ha )

Qarabagh district: 1,135 saplings delivered & planted (2.34 ha )

Zanaqan district: 1,035 saplings delivered & planted (2.17 ha)

Deh Yak district: 1,250 saplings delivered & planted ( 2.28 ha)

Ander district: 420 saplings delivered & planted (0.75 ha)

In Logar: total 98,895 saplings distributed & planted (240.31 ha )

Charkh district: 29,808 saplings delivered & planted (73.45 ha)

Mohd Agha district: 27,887 saplings delivered & planted ( 67.68 ha )

Baraqi Barak District: 30,064 saplings delivered & planted (73.18 ha)

Markaz district: 11,136 saplings delivered & planted (26.0 ha)

3   Delivery of grape saplings /
  establishment of new vineyards
Ongoing:
Records of
187 new
vineyards
i.e. 37,826
grape
saplings i.e. 35.67 ha
planted to
date

In Logar Province: 36,819 grape saplings delivered & planted (35.0 ha and 174 vineyards established)
district of Charkh, 11,345 saplings (15.07 ha and 35 vineyards established)
district of Mohd Agha:4,894 saplings 1.73 ha and 37 vineyards established
district of Baraqi BaraK: 7,233 saplings: 9.3 ha and 46 vineyards established
district of Markaz: 13,347 saplings8.9 ha and 56 vineyards established.

In Ghazni Province: 1,007 grape saplings delivered & planted 0.67 ha
District of Jaghoori: 1,007 saplings 0.67 ha and 13 vineyards established

4   Nurseries support On-going
36
professional
nurseries
are
associated
to the
program

14 nurseries in Ghazni 9 in Ghazni Markazi & 5 in Khojah Omari Districts

5 nursery in Wardak 3 in district of Sayed Abad, 2 district of Chack

Grafting of 142,380 seedlings in 19 nurseries

Purchase of saplings from 36 local nurseries in 2009/2010

Purchase of saplings from 16 local nurseries in 2010/2011

5   Trellising of existing vineyards On-going
Total 526
new trellises

Up to Dec 2009 trellising in Ghazni was partly financed by DAI-LGCD and ADT Ghazni programs.

Under LGCD & ADT: 55 trellises

New trellises recorded to date under USDA program:

In Ghazni : recorded to date: 14 new trellises

In Logar : recorded to date : 512 new trellises

6   Exposition of Ghazni farmers to
  trellised vines
3 expositions
of
97 farmers
&6 government
officers

On September 17th, 36 farmers and 3 government officers from Ghazni came to Shamali (north of Kabul to discover the trellised vines already installed by ROP in 2007/2008

On September 23rd , 49 farmers and 2 government officers from Logar came to Shamali (north of Kabul) to discover the trellised vines already installed by ROP in 2007/2008

On October 31 to Nov 02nd 2009, 13 farmers from Ghazni visited traditional trellised vines in Peer Nakhshi (Samangan) in order to learn how to
prune vines for protecting them against winter-frost.

7   Trellis set up Going on

Up to March 2009 the trellis set up were limited to Ghazni province and partly financed by ADT and DAI-LGCD programs.

New establishment started in Ghazni in March 10 with reduction of the farmers’ participation to 1US$ for each post – up to now 558 farmers of Logar are participating in setting up trellis i.e.

  • 104 farmers in Charkh
  • 206 farmers in Markaz
  • 248 farmers in Mohd Agha
8   Farmer briefs for each training
  session in English and Dari
On going
8 training
briefs exist
in Farsi
Training briefs exists already in Farsi for
  • Grape trellising
  • Gibb application
  • Sulfur dusting against powdery mildew
  • Use of foot pump sprayer
  • Under tree crop management
  • Apple scab
  • Pruning of Cherry trees
  • Business / Marketing
9   Literacy / numeracy training

On going

Currently 29
centers &
877
students

  • Training started in December 09 from HAFO courses held every day for 2 hours in 23
    location i.e.
  • Ghazni province, 11 centers & 233 students
  • Markaz district 3 centers & 72 students
  • Khojah Omari district: 8 centers & 161 students
  • Wardak province: 12 centers &386 students
  • Chack District: 4 centers & 116 students
  • Sayed Abad District: 4 centers & 183 students
  • Nirkh district: 4 Centers & 87 students
  • In 2010 ROP took over & hired local teachers
  • Currently : Ghazni Khojah Omari : 16 teachers
    & 457 students
  • Wardak: Sayed Abad 2 teachers & 81 students;
    Chack: 2 teachers & 80 students
  • Logar: Charkh: 4 teachers & 132 students;
    Mohd Agha 5 teachers & 127 students
10   Business development training On- going
currently
15 sessions
held & 348
farmers
trained
Curriculum to be establish
  • HAFO reports in May 2010: 10 villages in Jalrez district: 87 farmers trained; 10 villages in Chak district: 180 farmers trained & 10 villages in Dai Mir Dad district: 58 farmers trained
  • Organized directly by ROP in winter 2010/11
  • Ghazni: 3 sessions & 87 farmers trained
  • Wardak: 8 sessions & 180 farmers trained
  • Logar: 4 sessions & 81 farmers trained
  • Total 15 sessions & 348 farmers trained
11   Access to credit On-going  
12   Briefs for each training On-going  
13   Marketing of horticulture produce On-going Support local traders & encourage export of fruits produced in the program areas
14   Marketing: Training traders and
  farmers on fruit packing &
  processing
On-going

Training on fruit packaging and apricot drying completed.

Training on apple packaging completed.

15   Marketing Facilitations On-going Completed trial shipments of 9.5mt of fresh apricot to Dubai.
Three contracts signed to assist participating marketers to export apples.

 

Challenges:
Security issues in Logar, Wardak & Ghazni

Recommendations
Regarding demand from local farmers & local authorities - Extending this project for 1 or 2 years more.