Perennial Horticulture Development Project (PHDP)

Perennial Horticulture Development Project (PHDP)

Provision of technical assistance to the Afghan Ministry of Agriculture, Irrigation and Livestock to contribute to
strengthen the planting material and horticulture industry (PHDP II)

Donor: European Commission

Budget: € 6,000,000

Duration: 52 months or 4 ¼ years

Location: 6 PHD Centers in MAIL farms Kabul, Mazar, Kunduz, Herat, Kandahar, Jalalabad

Status: ongoing project with MAIL

Objective: To contribute to the improvement of rural livelihoods (food security and farm incomes) and thus to
the overall economic recovery of Afghanistan the project purpose is to enable the horticulture industry to
respond profitably to domestic and export market demand.

Components
COMPONENT 1 – PUBLIC AND PRIVATE SECTOR INSTITUTIONAL AND REGULATORY REFORM

  • Result 1.1: Public sector institutional capacity (MAIL) is strengthened
  • Result 1.2: Private sector institutional and human resources capacity at ANHDO and ANNGO further enhanced

COMPONENT 2 – NATIONAL VARIETY COLLECTIONS

  • Result 2: The full range of information on Afghanistan’s fruit and nut tree crop varieties is maintained at PHDP centers and is catalogued and evaluated for the benefit of the Afghanistan horticulture industry

COMPONENT 3 – NURSERY INDUSTRY

  • Result 3: The private sector fruit and nut nursery industry is profitable and provides sufficient healthy, true-to-type stocks to meet demands from growers for planting orchards.

COMPONENT 4 - TRAINING AND EXTENSION

  • Result 4: Extension services and skills training lead to adoption of improved planting material and best horticultural practices by nursery growers and orchards / vineyards owners

COMPONENT 5 - HORIZONTAL ACTIVITIES AND OTHER TASKS

  • Result 5.1: Any necessary administrative assistance is provided to the contracting authority in the management of the program
  • Result 5.2: Liaison, synergies and complementarities within and between the program and other similar initiatives are developed and lessons learned through program implementation serve to improve the relevant sector policy development and programming including institutional replication in regions and provinces where progresses is slower

Progress/ Achievements:

  • Seamless transition with phase 1 completed as required
  • Continuing capacity building of MAIL in horticulture
  • Recovered ANHDO and started building its capacity as organization
  • Continuing support to ANHDO
  • National collection maintained and updated
  • 6 PHD centers continue to be focal points for Horticulture Development
  • A focused adaptive research program is on going
  • Continuing support to biotechnology laboratory in Badam Bagh
  • ANNGO is being maintained and its capacity is being built
  • 28 NGAs representing over 1000 nurseries have adopted the procedures that ensure the quality of planting material
  • Training is being provided to MAIL officers & nursery growers
  • Demonstration orchards established in PHD centers and with partner organizations

Challenges

  • The project does not have a structured counterpart to whom and over the 6PHD Center and the national collection
  • The horticulture unit within MAIL head quarter is still weak and needs capacity building and transport facilities
  • There is no provincial structure for horticulture
  • ANNGO needs much more capacity building in order to establish its reputation among the NGAs.

Presently thereis a gap between the NGAs at provincial level and the ANNGO as their national
representation.

  • There is a voluntary regulation for planting material being adopted by over 1000 nurseries, but MAIL has not yet established a Certification Authority.
  • ANHDO is moving to its first steps, but needs immediate financial support in order to establish itself as an umbrella organization for the horticulture industry.

Recommendations

  • Strengthen and upgrade the horticulture unit of MAIL , providing sufficient facilities including transport
  • Establish the provincial structure for horticulture, linked with the central structure
  • Establish the position of Horticulturist in each of the 6 PHD centers and make them a permanent part of the provincial horticulture structure.
  • Provide more capacity building to ANNGO and consider a time span of at least 5 years for the organization to establish itself.
  • Establish MAIL Certification Authority and make official the regulation system already adopted by ANNGO
  • Promote a rapid process for ANHDO to be able to get a grant from the EC